Wellingtonia or Mammoth
- Family: Cupressaceae
- Origin: Western America
- Common Name: Wellingtonia.
- Mature Height: 60-100m.
on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada mountains of California. It
was originally placed in the Taxodiaceae and, like Sequoia, now belongs
to the Cupressaceae. There was a dispute about its name for Lindley
wished to call it Wellingtonia while the American botanist Winslow
wanted Washingtonia but this name had already been allocated to a palm
tree. The generic name is thought to be based on the Cherokee word
sequoyah. The common name in Britain is Wellingtonia. It was first
introduced by the Scottish private collector, John D. Matthew, to
Gourdiehill in Perth in August 1853 and a few months later to the
Nurseries in Exeter by William Lobb. According to Alan Mitchell there
is an original of Matthews collection at Glendoick planted in 1860. The
tallest tree in Britain is one from the majestic avenue at Younger
Botanic Garden; and the broadest tree is at Cluny near Aberfeldy.
Sequoiadendron giganteum was the only large tree which withstood the
hurricane in the south of England in 1987. The oldest recorded tree in
the wild is 3,200 years old. John Muir of Dunbar will forever be
remembered for setting up the National Park Service in North America
in so doing saved the giant redwoods..