- Family: Corylaceae
- Origin: Europe
- Common Name: Hazel
- Mature Height: - 7 m.
was one of the very important
the early settlers to Britain. Huge middens have been found where they
settled around the coast. Hazel, which belongs to the Corylaceae, has
a wide distribution through Europe to North Africa and to west Asia.
Corylus avellana was a sacred plant of the Celts and the druids. In
recent times hazel rods have proved useful in dousing for water. The
plant coppices well and produces young stems which are supple enough to
be widely used for baskets, creels and wattles and older stems for
crooks and handles. Hazel occurs as an understorey for deciduous trees
although pure stands of hazel occur in north-west Scotland.