Coastal Redwood

The Coastal Redwood, is confined to the fog belt in the Coastal Range of California and Oregon. It was first discovered in 1794 by Archibald Menzies who thought it was a Taxodium. It was until recently placed in the Taxodiaceae but due to DNA research is now in the Cupressaceae. Sequoia sempervirens was first introduced to Russia in 1840 and then from Russia into Britain in 1843. Theodore Hartweg, a collector for the Horticultural Society of London (later to be renamed the Royal Horticultural Society), also introduced seeds in 1846. A specimen of Sequoia sempervirens in the Redwood Creek Grove is the tallest living tree in the world at about 370'. The oldest recorded tree was 2,200 years old. Two of the oldest trees in Britain are at Smeaton House, East Lothian and at Rossie Priory in Perthshire planted in 1844 and about 1845 respectively. Sequoia sempervirens is said to grow best in areas with moist, wet summers. The leaves are yew-like in two distinct rows but with white stomata on the reverse; they smell of candle-wax.